Learn Carnatic Music Online

- Vid. Annapoorna Karthik M.A (Music), M.Sc 

                                                                                           Shastriya Sangeetham

Carnatic Music is an ancient art form which is said to have its origin from the sama veda and is believed to have evolved through many centuries from a simple framework consisting of a group of Swaras unordered  called the Grama Or Murchanas  to the present day framework Of the Melakartha - Janya Raga System which forms the foundation for the various musical forms which is learnt from information found in ancient texts Or Lakshana Granthas like Sangitha Rathnakara Of Saaranga Deva, Chathurdandiprakishika Of Venkatamakhi Etc. The Sapthaswaras( Prakrutha And Vikrutha  ) Namely  Shadja, Rishabha, Gandhara Etc. that form the basis for the Ragas are also part of the 22 Shruthis that represent the various possible permissible frequency values for the various swaras depending on the Gamakam for each Swara. We find the Application of these 22 Shruthis even today on the rendering of the various Ragas. The ragas also have undergone many changes from the past. Analzsing the classification of Ragas in the past given in the various Lakshana Granthas, we find that the classification of today varies diversely from the past besides the raga names. It is only in the Trinity period Of Saint Thyagaraja, Muthuswamy Dikshithar And Syama Shastry that the present day method of classification was proposed and came into practice. The Musical forms of the past like Alapti, Gita, Thaya, Prabandha differ greatly from the present day forms of Carnatic Music like the Krithis, Swarajathis, Padams, Javalis etc. The Thalas also have  evolved from the Marga and The Desi Thalas. Though the seven or the Soolaadi Saptha Thalas are the same, their various Components Like The Kriya And The Angas Which Form Part Of The Thala Dasa Pranas Differ  Greatly From The Past.